Psychiatric hospitalization among children with autism spectrum disorders.

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TitlePsychiatric hospitalization among children with autism spectrum disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsMandell, DS
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume38
Issue6
Pagination1059-65
Date Published2008 Jul
ISSN0162-3257
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aggression, Asperger Syndrome, Autistic Disorder, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Child, Preschool, Community Mental Health Services, Comorbidity, Depressive Disorder, Female, Health Services Needs and Demand, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Pennsylvania, Quality Assurance, Health Care, Risk Factors, Self-Injurious Behavior, Utilization Review
Abstract

This study examined predictors of psychiatric hospitalization among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Data were collected from 760 caregivers of children with ASD. Cox regression was used to determine factors associated with hospitalization. Almost 11% were hospitalized. Youth in single parent homes were more likely to be hospitalized (OR = 2.54), as were youth diagnosed at a later age (OR = 1.10). Engaging in self-injurious behavior (OR = 2.14), aggressive behavior (OR = 4.83), and being diagnosed with depression (OR = 2.48) or obsessive compulsive disorder (OR = 2.35) increased the odds of hospitalization. Risk for hospitalization increased with age and over time. The results suggest early diagnosis and community-based interventions for aggressive and self-injurious behaviors may reduce hospitalizations.

DOI10.1007/s10803-007-0481-2
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID17975720
PubMed Central IDPMC2862976
Grant ListMH067628 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH067628-01A2 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH067628-05 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH067628-03 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH067628-02 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH067628-04 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K01 MH067628 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
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