Prevalence and correlates of autism in a state psychiatric hospital.

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TitlePrevalence and correlates of autism in a state psychiatric hospital.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMandell, DS, Lawer, LJ, Branch, K, Brodkin, ES, Healey, K, Witalec, R, Johnson, DN, Gur, RE
JournalAutism
Volume16
Issue6
Pagination557-67
Date Published2012 Nov
ISSN1461-7005
KeywordsAdult, Age of Onset, Aged, Autistic Disorder, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Hospitals, Psychiatric, Hospitals, State, Humans, Inpatients, Intellectual Disability, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Psychometrics, ROC Curve, Schizophrenia, Sensitivity and Specificity, Social Behavior, Substance-Related Disorders, United States
Abstract

This study estimated the ASD prevalence in a psychiatric hospital and evaluated the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) combined with other information for differential diagnosis. Chart review, SRS and clinical interviews were collected for 141 patients at one hospital. Diagnosis was determined at case conference. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the SRS as a screening instrument. Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) analysis estimated the role of other variables, in combination with the SRS, in separating cases and non-cases. Ten percent of the sample had ASD. More than other patients, their onset was prior to 12 years of age, they had gait problems and intellectual disability, and were less likely to have a history of criminal involvement or substance abuse. Sensitivity (0.86) and specificity (0.60) of the SRS were maximized at a score of 84. Adding age of onset < 12 years and cigarette use among those with SRS <80 increased sensitivity to 1.00 without lowering specificity. Adding a history substance abuse among those with SRS >80 increased specificity to 0.90 but dropped sensitivity to 0.79. Undiagnosed ASD may be common in psychiatric hospitals. The SRS, combined with other information, may discriminate well between ASD and other disorders.

DOI10.1177/1362361311412058
Alternate JournalAutism
PubMed ID21846667
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