Characteristics Associated with Sleep Duration, Chronotype, and Social Jet Lag in Adolescents.

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TitleCharacteristics Associated with Sleep Duration, Chronotype, and Social Jet Lag in Adolescents.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMalone, SKohl, Zemel, B, Compher, C, Souders, M, Chittams, J, Thompson, ALeis, Lipman, TH
JournalJ Sch Nurs
Date Published2016 Apr
KeywordsActigraphy, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Life Style, Male, Self Report, Sleep, Sleep Deprivation, Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm, Social Behavior, Socioeconomic Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, Time Factors

Sleep is a complex behavior with numerous health implications. Identifying sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of sleep is important for determining those at greatest risk for sleep-related health disparities. In this cross-sectional study, general linear models were used to examine sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with sleep duration, chronotype, and social jet lag in adolescents. One hundred and fifteen participants completed Phase I (self-reported sleep measures), and 69 of these participants completed Phase II (actigraphy-estimated sleep measures). Black adolescents had shorter free night sleep than Hispanics. Youth with later chronotypes ate fewer fruits and vegetables, drank more soda, were less physically active, and took more daytime naps. Based on these findings, recommendations for individual support and school policies are provided.

Alternate JournalJ Sch Nurs
PubMed ID26376832
PubMed Central IDPMC4779703
Grant ListF31 NR014603 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007953 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
F31NR014603 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
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