Brief report: emotion regulation and respiratory sinus arrhythmia in autism spectrum disorder.

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TitleBrief report: emotion regulation and respiratory sinus arrhythmia in autism spectrum disorder.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGuy, L, Souders, M, Bradstreet, L, DeLussey, C, Herrington, JD
JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
Volume44
Issue10
Pagination2614-20
Date Published2014 Oct
ISSN1573-3432
KeywordsAdolescent, Anxiety, Child, Child Development Disorders, Pervasive, Emotions, Female, Humans, Male, Research Report, Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, Socialization
Abstract

Emotion regulation (ER) may be an important transdiagnostic factor for understanding mental and behavioral health given its association with several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is limited research on ER in ASD, particularly using biomarkers such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The aim of the current study was to examine RSA among school-aged children with ASD in relation to symptoms of anxiety, executive functioning, and adaptive socialization skills. Results showed decreased RSA in children with ASD (relative to typically developing controls), reflecting decreased parasympathetic nervous system activity. In addition, decreased RSA was associated with increased symptoms of anxiety and lower socialization skills. These findings emphasize the need for interventions targeting emotional and arousal regulation in ASD.

DOI10.1007/s10803-014-2124-8
Alternate JournalJ Autism Dev Disord
PubMed ID24752681
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