Artemis 123: development of a whole-head infant and young child MEG system.

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TitleArtemis 123: development of a whole-head infant and young child MEG system.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRoberts, TPL, Paulson, DN, Hirschkoff, E, Pratt, K, Mascarenas, A, Miller, P, Han, M, Caffrey, J, Kincade, C, Power, B, Murray, R, Chow, V, Fisk, C, Ku, M, Chudnovskaya, D, Dell, J, Golembski, R, Lam, P, Blaskey, L, Kuschner, E, Bloy, L, Gaetz, W, J Edgar, C
JournalFront Hum Neurosci
Date Published2014

BACKGROUND: A major motivation in designing the new infant and child magnetoencephalography (MEG) system described in this manuscript is the premise that electrophysiological signatures (resting activity and evoked responses) may serve as biomarkers of neurodevelopmental disorders, with neuronal abnormalities in conditions such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) potentially detectable early in development. Whole-head MEG systems are generally optimized/sized for adults. Since magnetic field produced by neuronal currents decreases as a function of distance(2) and infants and young children have smaller head sizes (and thus increased brain-to-sensor distance), whole-head adult MEG systems do not provide optimal signal-to-noise in younger individuals. This spurred development of a whole-head infant and young child MEG system - Artemis 123.METHODS: In addition to describing the design of the Artemis 123, the focus of this manuscript is the use of Artemis 123 to obtain auditory evoked neuromagnetic recordings and resting-state data in young children. Data were collected from a 14-month-old female, an 18-month-old female, and a 48-month-old male. Phantom data are also provided to show localization accuracy.RESULTS: Examination of Artemis 123 auditory data showed generalizability and reproducibility, with auditory responses observed in all participants. The auditory MEG measures were also found to be manipulable, exhibiting sensitivity to tone frequency. Furthermore, there appeared to be a predictable sensitivity of evoked components to development, with latencies decreasing with age. Examination of resting-state data showed characteristic oscillatory activity. Finally, phantom data showed that dipole sources could be localized with an error less than 0.5 cm.CONCLUSIONS: Artemis 123 allows efficient recording of high-quality whole-head MEG in infants four years and younger. Future work will involve examining the feasibility of obtaining somatosensory and visual recordings in similar-age children as well as obtaining recordings from younger infants. Thus, the Artemis 123 offers the promise of detecting earlier diagnostic signatures in such neurodevelopmental disorders.

Alternate JournalFront Hum Neurosci
PubMed ID24624069
PubMed Central IDPMC3939774
Grant ListP30 HD026979 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 DC008871 / DC / NIDCD NIH HHS / United States
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